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LLB, commonly known as Bachelor of Laws, is a three-year law degree program accessible to candidates following their graduation in any field. This course is an excellent choice for those aspiring to pursue careers in litigation or enter the judicial services.

Exploring LLB

LLB offers a multitude of rewarding and prestigious job opportunities. It covers core law subjects, including but not limited to Law of Torts, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law (Indian Penal Code), Jurisprudence, Contract Law, Tax Law, Family Law, Public International Law, Law of Property, Labour and Industrial Law, Company Law, Environmental Law, and Evidence Law (IEA). Additionally, it incorporates practical skills, soft skills, and training modules.

After completing LLB, candidates can appear for the All India Bar Examination (AIBE). Successfully passing the AIBE leads to the award of a "Certificate of Practice," granting eligibility to practice law in any Indian court. Registration with the respective State Bar Council as an Advocate is also a prerequisite. The AIBE comprises questions covering various undergraduate-level law subjects.

LLB programs are open to candidates with bachelor's or even master's degrees in any subject. Many individuals who have pursued CA (Chartered Accountancy) or CS (Company Secretary) qualifications also opt for LLB after completing their foundational education. LLB courses are offered by both private and government universities, equipping candidates with the knowledge and application of legal principles in diverse contexts.

All About LLB

LLB is a sought-after course among graduates aspiring to enter the fields of litigation or legal education. It imparts comprehensive knowledge of public and private law, applicable to various domains such as criminal cases, civil disputes, tax matters, and commercial disputes. Graduates can enroll in the Bar Council and practice law in Indian courts.

What is an LLB Degree?

LLB, an abbreviation for Legum Baccalaureus, is a three-year Bachelor of Laws degree offered by renowned colleges in India. It is attainable only after obtaining a graduate degree. This three-year LLB course, offered by most Indian law colleges, adheres to regulations set forth by the Bar Council of India (BCI). The program is structured into six semesters, and successful degree completion necessitates fulfillment of all semester requirements. LLB students engage in theory classes, moot courts, internships, and tutorial work.

Why Pursue LLB?

LLB is a three-year graduate-level course that delves into various facets of Indian law, including civil law, commercial law, criminal law, procedural law, and more. It is an ideal choice for those aspiring to establish careers in the legal field after completing their undergraduate studies.

Eligibility for LLB

LLB is open to candidates who hold a relevant bachelor's degree, including post-graduates. The key requirement is a bachelor's degree, along with a genuine interest in pursuing a career as an advocate, solicitor, or law officer in prestigious public organizations.

Scope of LLB

  • Following LLB, individuals can further their studies with an LLM (Master of Laws) or a PhD, which can lead to opportunities in academia and research.
  • Graduates can practice as advocates by enrolling in the local State Bar and appearing in the All India Bar Examination.
  • LLB opens doors to various judicial, civil service, government, and banking examinations.

Average Course Fees

Government universities typically charge annual fees ranging from INR 6,000 to 45,000, while private universities or National Law Universities may charge between INR 1 lakh to 3 lakh per annum for LLB courses.

Eligibility Criteria for LLB Courses

To pursue a three-year LLB course, candidates should meet specific requirements outlined by the BCI (Bar Council of India):

  • Graduation in any subject or discipline is essential to enroll in an LLB program.
  • Some colleges may specify a minimum percentage requirement for admission. For general category candidates, this percentage typically ranges from 55% to 60%, while for SC/ST category candidates, it is usually between 45% to 50%.

The LLB (Bachelor of Legislative Law) program is an undergraduate degree in law that caters to students interested in the field of law. Various universities across metropolitan cities in India offer LLB courses. It is a prevalent three-year law degree conferred and provided by Indian educational institutions, typically structured into six semesters. Graduates of LLB programs are equipped to take on roles as Legal Advisors, Litigation Lawyers, Advocates, Solicitors, Public Prosecutors, Legal Journalists/Writers, Law Teachers/Lecturers, members of the Judiciary, Government services, and pursue higher education. LLB attracts those with a keen interest in legal subjects and a desire to forge a career in the legal domain.

Key Highlights of LLB Course Syllabus

  • LLB spans six semesters: This three-year course, accessible to graduates, is organized into six semesters.
  • Examination Pattern: LLB students are required to sit for end-term examinations every six months. Each paper carries a total of 100 marks, with 80 marks allocated for university examinations and 20 marks for internal college assessments.
  • Syllabus Updates: While the LLB syllabus has remained relatively stable over the years, universities incorporate necessary changes whenever the Indian government amends the Indian Constitution or its provisions.
  • Entrance Examinations: Aspirants seeking admission to three-year LLB programs must successfully clear entrance exams conducted by specific colleges or universities. For BA LLB courses, candidates are required to appear for entrance tests like the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT).
  • Variations in Syllabus: Premier institutions, such as National Law Universities (NLUs), offer LLB programs with various specializations. For instance, IIT Kharagpur provides a three-year LLB course with a focus on Intellectual Property Rights through the Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law (RGSOIPL). While the syllabus for three-year LLB courses remains consistent across these premier institutions, some Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) are contemplating launching five-year LLB courses.

Main Subjects in LLB Syllabus

LLB programs encompass a broad range of core and optional subjects. Here is a list of subjects and topics that constitute the comprehensive LLB curriculum:

Core Subjects for LLB

Students gain insight into various law specializations throughout their three-year LLB journey. Core subjects integral to the LLB syllabus include:

  1. Labour Law
  2. Family Law I - Hindu Law
  3. Law of Crimes (Indian Penal Code)
  4. Family Law II - Muslim Law
  5. Law of Torts, Consumer Protection Laws, and the Motor Vehicles Act
  6. Consumer Protection Act
  7. Constitutional Law-I
  8. Professional Ethics
  9. Law of Evidence
  10. Arbitration, Conciliation & Alternative Dispute Resolution
  11. Human Rights & International Law
  12. Environmental Law
  13. Property Law, including the Transfer of Property Act
  14. Jurisprudence and Legal Theory
  15. Practical Training - Legal Aid
  16. Law of Contract II
  17. Civil Procedure Code (CPC)
  18. Interpretation of Statutes
  19. Legal Writing, including General English
  20. Land Laws, including ceiling and other local laws
  21. Administrative Law
  22. Code of Criminal Procedure
  23. Company Law

Optional Subjects in LLB Course

The following table outlines elective subjects in the LLB syllabus—these subjects are not compulsory but can be chosen based on individual interests:

Contract Law

Trust & Equity

Women & Law

Criminology

International Economics Law

Comparative Law

Law of Insurance

Conflicts of Laws

Intellectual Property Law

Investment and Securities Law

Law of Taxation

Banking Law, including the Negotiable Instruments Act

LLB Admissions 2024: An Overview

The LLB, commonly referred to as Bachelor of Law, is a coveted three-year undergraduate program, attracting fresh graduates and professionals looking to transition into the realm of litigation or legal services. Offered by various government and private universities, LLB admissions are typically based on merit or entrance examination scores. Applications for LLB admissions generally open in March-April and extend until May-June. The LLB admission process for 2024 is slated to commence between March and June 2023.

Eligibility and Entrance Examinations

Candidates who have completed their graduation from UGC-recognized universities, with a minimum aggregate of 55 percent, are eligible to apply for the LLB course. Additionally, aspiring LLB students can also appear for various LLB entrance exams, including MHCET Law, TSLAWCET, AP LAWCET, LSAT India, and others. The course fee for pursuing LLB typically ranges between 30,000 to 2 lakh INR.

Career Opportunities

Upon successful completion of the LLB program, graduates can explore various career avenues, including roles as Advocates, Legal Advisors, Corporate Counsel, Judicial Officers, or even entry into Civil Services. Additionally, LLB graduates can opt for advanced studies by pursuing LLM and PhD in Law, venturing into the field of academics.

The Surge in LLB Admissions

In response to the evolving legal landscape and the need for adept legal professionals who can navigate changing trends, LLB admissions have witnessed a significant surge in recent years. Over 1,000 law schools across the country offer LLB programs, admitting more than 15,000 students annually. These statistics underscore the growing popularity of the LLB course, particularly among recent graduates.

LLM Admissions in NLUs for 2024

Some National Law Universities (NLUs) offer LLB courses, with admissions typically commencing in April-June each year. National Law University, Odisha, recently introduced its LLB course in 2023. Admission to these NLUs is primarily based on an All-India Entrance Examination conducted in major cities throughout the country. For detailed information regarding LLB admissions and application status, refer to the respective university's official website.

RANK

PREVIEW

COLLEGE

LOCATION

VIEW

1

National Law School of India University, Bengaluru

Bengaluru

2

National Law University, New Delhi

New Delhi

3

Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad

Hyderabad

4

The West Bengal National University of Juridicial Sciences, Kolkata

Kolkata

5

Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi

New Delhi

6

Symbiosis Law School, Pune

Pune

7

Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar

Gandhinagar

8

Siksha `O` Anusandhan, Bhubaneswar

Bhubaneswar

9

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

Kharagpur

10

Babasheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow

Lucknow

11

Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai

Chennai

12

Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar

Bhubaneswar

13

Christ University, Bengaluru

Bengaluru

14

Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh

Aligarh

15

Shanmugha Arts Science Technology & Research Academy, Thanjavur

Thanjavur

16

Lovely Professional University, Phagwara

Phagwara

17

Indian Law Institute, New Delhi

New Delhi

18

National Law Institute University, Bhopal

Bhopal

19

Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi

New Delhi

20

The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala

Patiala

21

Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow

Lucknow

22

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

Varanasi

23

Amity University Haryana, Gurgaon

Gurgaon

24

National University of Study & Research in Law, Ranchi

Ranchi

25

Alliance University, Bengaluru

Bengaluru

26

Army Institute of Law, Mohali

Mohali

27

Nirma University, Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad

28

National Law University and Judicial Academy, Kamrup

Kamrup

29

Manipal University, Jaipur

Jaipur

30

National Law University, Cuttack

Cuttack

PREVIEW

COLLEGE

LOCATION

VIEW

Symbiosis Law School, Pune

Pune

Siksha `O` Anusandhan, Bhubaneswar

Bhubaneswar

Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar

Bhubaneswar

Lovely Professional University, Phagwara

Phagwara

Amity University Haryana, Gurgaon

Gurgaon

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